On the day Poe was laid to rest, a lengthy obituary under the name “Ludwig” was published in the New York Tribune. It quickly spread to other parts of the nation for publication. The opening line of the article read, “Edgar Allan Poe is dead. He died in Baltimore the day before yesterday. This announcement will startle many, but few will be grieved by it.”
“Ludwig” was soon revealed to be Griswold, an editor, critic, and anthologist who had harbored animosity toward Poe since 1842. After Poe passed away, Griswold somehow ended up as his literary executor and set out to ruin his enemy’s name.
Who Was Edgar Allan Poe?
A writer, poet, editor, and literary critic, Edgar Allan Poe was an American. Poe is best renowned for his short stories and poems, especially his macabre and mystery-themed works. He is largely considered a key representative of American Romanticism and American literature. Poe is the first well-known American author to make a living solely from writing, leading to a financially challenging life and career.
Poe was one of the nation’s first practitioners of the short story and is credited with inventing the detective fiction genre and the emerging science fiction genre.
Poe was born in Boston, the second child of actors David and Elizabeth “Eliza” Poe. When Poe’s mother passed away the following year, John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia, took him in. Although they never legally adopted him, he lived with them until he was a teenager. Due to a lack of funds, he spent a year at the University of Virginia but left after that. Also, read about Dusty Hill Death
He argued with John Allan over the money for his studies and his debts from his gambling. He released his first book, Tamerlane and Other Poems, in 1827 after enlisting in the American Army under a false name and was only given the credit of “a Bostonian”. After Allan’s wife passed away in 1829, Poe and Allan briefly reconciled. Poe later left Allan and professed his determination to become a poet and writer after failing as an officer cadet at West Point.
Edgar Allan Poe Death
Joseph W. Walker, who discovered Poe, described him as being in “great distress” and “in need of immediate assistance” when he discovered him on October 3, 1849, in Baltimore. Poe was taken to the Washington Medical College, where he passed away on October 7, 1849, at 5:00 in the morning.
Poe was not conscious for long enough to explain how he got into such a bad situation or why he was wearing clothes that were not his own. On the night before he passed away, he is alleged to have frequently yelled “Reynolds,” though it is unknown to whom he was referring. Lord assist my sad soul, according to his attending physician. All of the pertinent medical records, including Poe’s death certificate, have been lost.
Newspapers at the time described Poe’s demise as “congestion of the brain” or “cerebral inflammation,” which were euphemisms for unsavory causes like alcoholism. The actual cause of death is still unknown.
Theories have included delirium tremens, heart disease, epilepsy, syphilis, meningeal inflammation, cholera, and carbon monoxide poisoning and cooping, a type of electoral fraud in which voters were coerced into supporting a specific candidate. These are the reason thought to have contributed to Poe’s death. This type of election fraud can occasionally result in violence and even murder. Also, read about Tyler Skaggs Death
Poe’s literary rival Rufus Wilmot Griswold published an inaccurate, well-known obituary under a pseudonym, casting him as a madman who “walked the streets, in madness or melancholy, with lips moving in indistinct curses, or with eyes upturned in passionate prayers, (never for himself, for he felt, or professed to feel, that he was already damned)” right after Poe passed away.
“Memoir of the Author,” a biography of Poe by Griswold, was published in a volume of the collected works in 1850. Many of his claims were either lies or distortions; for instance, it is seriously disputed that Poe was a drug addict.
Griswold’s book was criticized by those who knew Poe well, including John Neal, who wrote an article defending Poe and calling Griswold a “Rhadamanthus, who is not to be bilked of his fee, a thimble-full of newspaper notoriety.” This was due to a combination of factors, including the fact that it was the only complete biography accessible and frequently reprinted as well as readers’ excitement at the prospect of reading writings by an “evil” man. Letters that Griswold offered as evidence were later shown to be forgeries.
Also, read about: